A Flying Start? Long Term Consequences of Maternal Time Investments in Children During Their First Year of Life
Løken, Katrine Vellesen
Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar
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It study the impact on children of increasing the time that the mother spends with her child in the first year by exploiting a reform that increased paid and unpaid maternity leave in Norway. The reform increased maternal leave on average by 4 months and family income was unaffected. The increased time with the child led to a 2.7 percentage points decline in high school dropout. For mothers with low education the researchers find a 5.2 percentage points decline. The effect is especially large for children of mothers who prior to the reform, would take very low levels of unpaid leave.